Typhoid and malaria co-infection is a major public health problem in many developing countries. In this paper, a deterministic model for malaria and typhoid co-infection is proposed and analyzed. It has been established that the model exhibits a backward bifurcation phenomenon. Overall, the study reveals that a typhoid outbreak in malaria endemic settings may lead to higher cumulative cases of dually-infected individuals displaying clinical symptoms of both infections than singly-infected individuals displaying clinical symptoms of either malaria or typhoid.
Mushayabasa, Steady; Bhunu, Claver P.; and Mhlanga, Ngoni A.
Modeling the Transmission Dynamics of Typhoid in Malaria Endemic Settings,
Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM), Vol. 9,
1, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/aam/vol9/iss1/9