Day to day increasing flow of sensitive or confidential information, such as images, audio, video, etc., over unsecured medium (like Internet) has motivated more concentration for concrete crypto algorithms. In this paper, an image encryption algorithm based on a permutation and substitution cipher has been proposed. In permutation stage, image pixels are shuffled using gingerbreadman map while in substitution stage, pixels are bit-wise XOR-ed with the keystream generated using RC4A (Rivest Cipher 4A) stream cipher algorithm. For the proposed scheme, statistical analyses, like histogram, adjacent pixels correlation coefficient, and information entropy are given. Security analyses, like key sensitivity, occlusion analysis are also given in this paper. The occlusion analysis shows that the proposed method is resistant to the occlusion attack. These statistical and security analyses support the concreteness of the proposed method.
Gaffar, Abdul; Joshi,, A. B.; and Kumar, Dhanesh
Image Encryption using Gingerbreadman Map And RC4A Stream Cipher,
Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM), Vol. 15,
2, Article 30.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/aam/vol15/iss2/30