Comparison of proteins synthesized by polarized caprine oviductal epithelial cells and oviductal explants in vitro
Our objectives were to compare proteins secreted by caprine oviductal explants and oviductal epithelial (OE) cells in vitro. Oviducts were collected from goats on Days 1 (n = 5) and 5 (n = 5) of the estrous cycle. Radiolabeled secretory proteins from tissue segments and cell cultures were visualized using SDS-PAGE and fluorography. After culture, media from ampulla oviduct segments collected on Days 1 and 5 of the estrous cycle contained an acidic 97 kDa protein, which was greatly reduced in culture medium obtained from infundibulum and isthmus oviduct segments. A complex of low molecular weight proteins (14-26 kDa) could be modulated by estradiol when OE cells were cultured on plastic. This complex was constitutively expressed when OE cells were cultured on Matrigel-coated filters. Polarized OE cells were also capable of compartment-specific secretion of [L-35 S]-methionine-labeled proteins. A 45 kDa acidic protein was predominantly secreted into the apical compartment while a 66 kDa acidic protein was preferentially localized in the basal compartment. Proteins secreted by OE cells were similar to proteins secreted by tissue segments in vitro. Therefore, under well-defined culture conditions OE cells may be useful in enhancing in vitro fertilization or early embryonic development. © 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Woldesenbet, S., & Newton, G. (2003). Comparison of proteins synthesized by polarized caprine oviductal epithelial cells and oviductal explants in vitro. Theriogenology, 60 (3), 533-543. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0093-691X(03)00036-0