In this paper, we have proposed and analyzed a nonlinear mathematical model for the spread of Polio in a population with variable size structure including the role of vaccination. A threshold parameter, R , is found that completely determines the stability dynamics and outcome of the disease. It is found that if R 1, the disease free equilibrium is stable and the disease dies out. However, if R >1, there exists a unique endemic equilibrium that is locally asymptotically stable. Conditions for the persistence of the disease are determined by means of Fonda’s theorem. Moreover, numerical simulation of the proposed model is also performed by using fourth order Runge - Kutta method. Numerically, it has been found that the system exhibits steady state bifurcation for some parameter values. It is concluded from our analysis that endemic level of infective population increases with the increase in rate of transmission of infection due to infective among susceptible class that further enhances because of transmission of infection due to latent hosts. A particular value of disease transmission coefficient r is found for which exposed and infective population dies out. It is found that periodic outbreak of the disease occurs when infection due to exposed and infective class occurs at the same rate. It is also observed from our analysis that although vaccination helps in eradicating polio by decreasing endemic equilibrium level yet careful administration of vaccination is desired because if vaccine is administered during incubation period, endemic equilibrium level increases and disease persists in the population.
Agarwal, Manju and Bhadauria, Archana S.
Modeling Spread of Polio with the Role of Vaccination,
Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM), Vol. 6,
2, Article 11.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/aam/vol6/iss2/11