Pollution, which is a very common term has been divided as primary pollutants and secondary pollutants. Primary pollutants are those who results directly from some process whereas secondary pollutants are caused due to intermixing and reaction of primary pollutants. These pollutants result into acid rain. In this paper, a mathematical model has been developed to study the environmental impact due to acid rain. Pollutants such as primary and secondary pollutants are the causes of acid rain. Control in terms of gases emitted by factories, smog, burning of coal and fossil fuels have been applied on primary pollutants, secondary pollutants and acid rain to have an ecofriendly environment. Stability for the equilibrium points have been worked out. Simulation of the model has been carried out, which shows that there can be a clean environment if all the necessary steps are taken care of to curb this problem.
Shah, Nita H.; Thakkar, Foram A.; and Satia, Moksha H.
Environmental Balance Through Optimal Control on Pollutants,
Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM), Vol. 14,
1, Article 28.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/aam/vol14/iss1/28