Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts

Degree Discipline



Statement of Problem Slavery in the United States was abolished by forces of circumstances. The appeal to arms in April, 1361, was made by the North for the purpose of saving the Union, but only within a few months after the breaking out of hostilities "what shall we do with the slaves within our lines" was the cry heard from all sections of the Invaded territory. Deserted by their masters or endeavoring to obtain freedom, the Negroes came into Union camps in such large numbers that humanitarian as well as military reasons demanded that something be done to change their status and alleviate their physical suffering.

The question of education of all people, white as well as emancipated black, became more critically Important in the South than in any other part of the Union, The problem was complicated and discouraging. The South emerged from the four year's conflict with the loss of a large part of her white male population and the complete loss of practically all her accumulated capital. Not only was it difficult to restore the material resources necessary for the building of schools, but the Iniquities of the reconstruction period made an immediate and complete restoration of public confidence tedious and well nigh impossible.

Committee Chair/Advisor

George R. Woolfolk

Committee Member

J. W. Echols

Committee Member

Purvis Carter

Committee Member

George Sinkler

Committee Member

Carl Weems


Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View





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