Date of Award
Master of Science
Master of History
This study is part II of, "The Development of Higher Education for Negroes with Special Reference to the Land-Grant Colleges."
The original problem arose out of the general field of the development of American democracy as it expressed itself in the development of opportunities for all its people through a medium of education. C. B. White wrote on this problem and found that higher education for Negroes between 1890 and 1914 was inadequate.
Negro higher education has been singled out because of the fact that it has some special problems which have come out of the Negroes' abnormal relationship to American life, negroes constitute a fourth of the population of the South, and it is in this section that three-fourths of the Negroes in America live. Here the Negro is among the multitudes of those who are ill-clothed, ill-housed, and ill-fed. He is a victim of a prevailing cultural lag and of an unsatisfactory economy. Higher educational institutions for Negroes are located largely in the South and thus are a part of the south, under a dual system of education based upon a tax structure inadequate to the efficient support of a single system of education even for white youth, the Negro must be taught the essentials of democratic living.
The educational inequalities and economic disadvantage of southern regions, together with the Negro's special handicaps within the area, make it impossible to consider adequately the higher education of Negroes apart from the complex of problems inherent in a dual society and the Negro's segregated life.
It is increasingly evident that Negroes have developed along educational and cultural lines more rapidly than our social systems have changed in adjustment to the situation. This disequilibrium appears in the occupational limitations placed on Negroes of ability and training; it is also apparent in the number of negroes ready for graduate and professional training in areas in which inadequate provisions and sometimes no provision has been made for meeting their needs.
This paper will attempt to assemble and interpret such social, economic, and educational date as to indicate programs of higher education needed, and to indicate the nature of educational service now rendered to meet those needs.
G. R. Woolfolk
Prairie View A&M College
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Date of Digitization
John B Coleman Library
City of Publication
Washington, S. N. (1949). The Land-Grant Colleges for Negroes 1914-1945: A Study in Higher Education. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/pvamu-theses/914