Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

Degree Discipline



If one peruses various indexes to studies in the numerous areas of education, he will observe the paucity of investigations dealing with the history and development of institutions whether they be universities, colleges, high schools, or elementary schools. Ever since the educational renaissance which began in the United States during the latter part of the eighteenth century, educational institutions have been constantly aware that the world Is in "a state of continual flux" and; therefore, to keep pace with the progress of the world, curricula must be constantly revised and improved to meet the students' needs in their respective residential areas.

In line with this philosophy, schools have consolidated for the purpose of better serving a larger rural area and community. And because the larger student populations of a consolidated area and community will not all attend college or university, industrial arts and homemaking courses have been included in the curriculum. Thus the school seeks to prepare people for life and to serve the community by increasing the happiness, hopes, and aspirations of the people who reside in it.

The growth of colored secondary schools is an interesting field for study.

When one considers the fact that the number of schools offering secondary education for colored people has Increased from fewer than 100 to approximately 1,400 within a generation, and the more significant fact that the enrollment of Negro high school pupils has risen from 4,000 to 167,000 during the same period, the need for investigation of the factors involved in this tremendous educational advance and the implications of this movement become immediately apparent.

As the high school enrollment increased, the need for industrial high schools correspondingly increased. The provision for industrial education in rural high schools for colored pupils in Texas helped to extend the Tuskegee Institute idea of Booker T. Washington—"education of the hands." But Washington's idea, while new to America, was a part of the philosophy of the empirics who contended that "knowledge is gained only through observation and practical experience." Thus the idea behind the Arp Colored Industrial High School is that of preparing the pupils to live a better and fuller life in the community. In so doing it is hoped that they will "live the more abundant life."

Committee Chair/Advisor

Luzona M. Flewellen

Committee Member

N. G. Francis

Committee Member

N. G. Francis

Committee Member

V. W. Watson


Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View




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