Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts

Degree Discipline



The purpose of this study is to provide knowledge of the role of the Negro slave in the plantation economy of Wharton County and to discover the extent to which the slave has permeated the social economic life of the county. The writer shall attempt to answer the following questions for her benefit and the benefit of other students. 1. What was the role of slaves in the acquisition of public lands? 2. What was the actual value of slaves in the social and economic status of the southern planters? 3. What was the relative values of slave property, in relation to, sex and age? 4. What was the role of the slave in the Probate transaction in the plantation system in the South? 5. Why was there such an honor given to the planter possessing large numbers of slaves? 6. To what did the land poor planters turn for liquid capital when a sum of money was needed? 7. How does the value of slaves compare with other property of the southern planter?

The scope of this study will begin in 1846 when Wharton County was carved out of Matagorda and Jackson counties, and closing around 1860, which date the upheaval of the slave plantation system in the South began. The material for this study consists of about 115 cases, gathered from archives, old newspapers, and county records. Census records, letters and maps having dates corresponding with the scope dates were also useful.

Committee Chair/Advisor

George Woolfolk


Prairie View A&M College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.