Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts

Degree Discipline

Business Education


The intense concern of workers with the effect of automation on jobs began as early as 1912 when an article by Robert Johnstone Wheeler, now a resident of Allentown, Pennsylvania, appeared in the Industrial Review magazine.

Showing the number of hand blowers was dropping steadily as more automatic machines were installed in glass bottle manufacturing plants, Wheeler also described the economic effects of this displacement of workers.

"The automatic machine takes no apprentices," he wrote. "It does not eat or wear anything. It has no wife or children to support."

"Who will buy its products in the coming years when the workers are done away with? Who will feed and clothe the millions, workless, because of automation? Shall man cease to exist because he has per infected tools of production?

Committee Chair/Advisor

A. S. Arnold

Committee Member

P. A. Jackson

Committee Member


Committee Member

G. Stafford

Committee Member



Prairie View A&M College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View





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