Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

Degree Discipline



The Geographical Setting of Smith County Smith County is situated in the Pine and Oak Belts of East Texas. The terrain is »ed and hilly, drained by the Sabine and Neches Rivers. It has an altitude of 550 feet. Its annual rainfall is 41.63 inches. Its mean annual temperature is 66 degrees; in July 83.7 degrees, and in January 47.2 degrees. Its land area is approximately 920 square miles, equivalent to 588,800 acres.

The soils of Smith County are gray sandy, sandy red, and clay in bottom. Timber includes second-growth pine, gum, and oak. There is some commercial production of lumber. Minerals include oil (6,040,969 barrels in 1940), iron, ore, lignite, brick clay, and glass sand.

Smith County is principally agricultural. Its principal field crops are cotton, corn, sugar cane, oats, peanuts, sorghum, hay, and sweet potatoes. Large quantities of tomatoes, watermelons, strawberries, and all kinds of truck vegetables are grown for market, shipped out in carloads, and sold to local canneries.

Smith County is first in the United States in commercial rose growing. Rose bushes are shipped from the first frost until April. Various fruits are raised for the market; commercial orchards are numerous. Pecans bring cash to farmers in season.

Committee Chair/Advisor

A. C. Preston

Committee Member

Dorothy Burdine

Committee Member

E. M. Norris

Committee Member

E. L. Sasser


Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View




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