Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

Degree Discipline



Smith County, populous oil, industrial and farming county is located in the heart of East Texas, Its terrain is undulating and hilly, with central and east parts in the Pine Belt and the west part in the Post Oak Belt, It draws its income from highly diversified sources and its population has increased rapidly in recent years. While the early East Texas oil field did not create profound changes as in adjoining Gregg and Busk Counties, it greatly stimulated the growth of an already prosperous agricultural industrial area.

The population is largely urban but has a thickly settled rural population. The total is comprised of about 32 percent Negroes. Smith County was created from Nacogdoches County in 1846. It was organized the same year and named for General James Smith, a Texas pioneer.

The soils are gray sandy and red clay loam, alluvial in bottoms. Its trees are pine, gum, oak, elm, soft maple, and hickory, making possible some lumbar production. The county's oil production is 2,315,756 bbls. There is also the production of gas, brick, and tile clays and large deposits of iron ore and lignite.

Committee Chair/Advisor

J. M. Coruthers

Committee Member

Annie B. Mills


Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View





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