Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

Degree Discipline



Background and development of Modern Supervision

Not with standing the fact we have a different type of supervision today than was practiced when public schools in America were first established, supervision has existed ever since the formation of the first public school system. When the General Court of Boston, directed by the selectmen, was instructed to secure teachers with certain religious training, a type of supervision was being carried on. That custom was followed for nearly fifty years, at which time the teachers came under more formal supervision. The schools, using Boston as an illustration, were supervised by a committee, who was appointed to visit the school, Inspect the plant and equipment and examine the achievement of the pupils, These supervisors did not criticize the teachers, neither did they advise them.

It Is noticeable that by 1714 supervision in the United States had passed through three phases. During the first phase, the supervisors selected the teachers. During the second phase, the supervisors selected the teachers and inspected the plant and the equipment. During the third phase, they had the added responsibility of criticizing and advising the teachers. By 1721 supervision was done by the selectmen and any others that they decided to invite.

Committee Chair/Advisor

R. L. Jeffreys

Committee Member

E. C. Russell

Committee Member

E. C. Russell


Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

Prairie View State Normal And Industrial College

City of Publication

Prairie View




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.