Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science

Degree Discipline

Agriculture Economics


At the present, the increased destruction of uncontrolled erosion far exceeds the rate of establishing corrective conservation measures. It exceeds it to such a degree as to require some sober thinking and planning on the subject. In the Neches-Sabine Soil Conservation District, we now have all of the land we will ever have. Every acre destroyed by erosion, every farm abandoned because soil fertility has been destroyed by erosion, means families cheated of a fair opportunity to make an American Standard of Living.

The area was settled in 1840 when pioneers began to clear away the timber and bring the clearings under cultivation. No thought was given to erosion or its consequences. Erosion has progressively increased each year since the first settlers. The day of reckoning has come. We now find that out of approximately two billion acres representing the total area of the country, exclusive of urban and water territory, only about a quarter of this area has escaped erosion of some kind.

It will take the coordinated effort of all to solve and overcome the erosion problem. It is a challenge which must be met.


It is the purpose of this study to :

1. To determine the extent and damage caused by erosion in the district.

2. To create an awarness or felt need on the part of farmers to adapt good farm land management.

Statement of the Problem.

There exists in the Neches-Sabine Soil Conservation District a general misuse of the land. The farms are not being tilled according to their needs and adaptabilities. There is a definite need for erosion control and improved farming practices.

Other familiar Studies.

The writer was able to find very little literature dealing directly with the problem, however, a limited amount of research material was found and reviewed.

Scope. Sources, and Methods of Obtaining Data.

1. This study covers all of Smith County and a portion of Van Zandt County.

2. The basic data for this study were obtained from soil survey reports, reports of the United States Weather Bureau, local experiment station, agronomy handbooks, and my personal experience as an employee in the Soil Conservation Service.

3. Field data were obtained by personal contact.

Committee Chair/Advisor

J. M. Coruthers

Committee Member

E. M. Norris

Committee Member

E. M. Norris

Committee Member

A. C. Preston

Committee Member

G. L. Smith


Prairie View Agriculture and Mechanical College


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View





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