Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Discipline

Education Leadership


This study used the Ecological System theory developed by Bronfenbrenner (1992) to understand African American students’ academic performance at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU). The systems include the microsystem (for example, family, school, and peers), mesosystem (for example, relationships between different microsystems), exosystem (for example, community and societal institutions), and macrosystem (for example, cultural and societal values) (Peppler, 2017). These systems can all have an impact on student academic performance.

This quantitative study utilized archival data to examine three research questions to reveal the relationship between student academic performance and (a) pre-college factors (high school GPA and SAT), (b) student financial dependency status, and (c) the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: covid-19 pandemic, dependent status, dependent student, independent student

Committee Chair/Advisor

Lisa K. Thompson

Committee Co-Chair:

Fred A. Bonner

Committee Member

Douglas S. Hermon

Committee Member

Elizabeth Whittington


Prairie View A&M University


© 2021 Prairie View A & M University

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

John B Coleman Library

City of Publication

Prairie View





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