Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Human trafficking is a global menace. Millions of young girls, boys, women, and men have been victims of various forms of trafficking. The crime has no geographical boundaries, and the victims often experience physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, creating a global health and security threat. The current study incorporated multiple secondary quantitative sources with an exclusive focus on children/minors (ages 0–8), adolescents (9–17 years), and young adults (ages 18–20) from 2002–2017. The study utilized multiple data sources, each measuring various aspects of human trafficking—the victimization profile of trafficking victims (CTDC data), the country’s response to trafficking (HTI data), and country-level influencing factors of trafficking (corruption, human development, unemployment). Under five research questions, 10 hypotheses were framed and tested using Binary Logistic Regression, Chi-Square Test of Independence, Multinomial Logistic Regression, and Linear Regression. The results showed that the victims’ age and gender had a stronger association with the types of exploitation, the means of control used by traffickers, and the recruiter’s relationship with the victim.
Regarding countries’ responses to trafficking flows, based on whether a country was a source, transit, destination spot, or had internal trafficking, at least one anti-trafficking measure (prosecution, protection, and prevention), showed a significant positive effect. Lastly, the country-level influencing factors like human development and democracy showed a stronger association with anti-trafficking responses implying that countries with higher human development and democracy have better trafficking policies. Similarly, the unemployment rate showed a stronger association with the anti-trafficking policies indicating that countries with higher unemployment rates affect the policies negatively. Hence, the findings of this study provided a comprehensive picture of trafficking from a global perspective.
Keywords: human trafficking, minor victims, young adult victims, CTDC data, HTI dataset
Gbolahan Solomon Osho
David A. Rembert
Prairie View A&M University
Rights© 2021 Prairie View A & M University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Date of Digitization
John B Coleman Library
City of Publication
Miriyam, T. N. (2023). An Assessment Of The Global Pattern Of Trafficking Of Minors And Young Adults. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.pvamu.edu/pvamu-dissertations/19