Association Between Daily Rumination and Posttraumatic Growth During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Experience Sampling Method

Document Type


Publication Date



Objective: The current intensive longitudinal study aimed at examining the association between daily rumination (i.e., intrusive rumination and deliberate rumination) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) associated with the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Method: Final participants were 71 adults who were recruited from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. Participants responded to daily questions regarding ruminations they engaged in and PTG they experienced that day for a total of 29 days. Results: As expected, there was no significant association between intrusive rumination and PTG, but a significant positive association was found between deliberate rumination and PTG. In addition, a person of color and those who reported as religious experienced higher levels of PTG. Furthermore, there was a significant between-person variability on the effect of deliberate rumination on PTG. Conclusions: The current study supports previous findings between rumination and PTG. It also raises the importance of acknowledging that the levels of one’s PTG following deliberate rumination may differ greatly from the typical individual, indicating the need to be mindful of individual experience.

This document is currently not available here.