Chitosan-based nanocomposite scaffolds for tissue engineering applications

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This article reports the fabrication of three-dimensional porous chitosan and hydroxyapatite (HA)/chitosan composite scaffolds by the thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique, for bone tissue engineering. Different amounts of HA nanoparticles (10%, 20%, and 30% g/g) were added to the chitosan solution to produce HA/chitosan composite scaffolds of varying compositions. The morphology and pore structure of the scaffolds vis-à-vis composition were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and an energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). Both pure chitosan and HA/chitosan composite scaffolds were highly porous and had interconnected pores. The pore sizes ranged from several micrometers to a few hundred micrometers. The HA nanoparticles were well dispersed and physically coexisted with chitosan in the composite scaffolds. However, some agglomeration of HA nanoparticles was observed on the surface of pore walls when a relatively large amount of HA was used. The composite 3D scaffolds are very promising for use in bone tissue engineering application. © 2015

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