Mechanical and biological properties of scaffold materials

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In tissue engineering, cells are seeded onto a porous three-dimensional scaffold that will provide support and guide cells toward the growth of new tissue-like structures. These scaffolds can provide a platform for the delivery of growth factors release and drug delivery under controlled conditions. The efficacious construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering applications is essential. Scaffolds must possess certain properties. Amongst the properties, mechanical and biological properties of tissue engineering scaffolds are very important. This chapter addresses some of the biomaterials that are commonly used to fabricate scaffolds and describes their mechanical and biological properties. The chapter also includes illustrated examples, the structure and mechanical properties of scaffolds as well as the cellular interactions with scaffolds.

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