Contemporary Issues in Juvenile Justice


The number of juveniles in detention centers has decreased across the United States. Although overall incarceration rates of juveniles in Miami-Dade County have declined, the number of youths at risk for delinquent activity and the number of girls in detention centers has increased. In the last nine years, Florida legislators have created laws to eliminate zero-tolerance policies in county schools, lessened the punishment role of law enforcement officers for in-school behaviors, as well as minimized the presence of law enforcement officers on school grounds. Although Miami-Dade County has been a part of the reformation of the Florida juvenile justice system, unlike Polk and Palm Beach County, it continues to enforce zero-tolerance policies. This is a comparable review of literature for the Miami-Dade County’s juvenile justice system’s treatment of status offenders.