A two-dimensional electron gas suspended above a neutralizing background

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We consider a two-dimensional electron gas system consisting of a layer of electrons suspended above its jellium neutralizing background counterpart. We investigate the energy of the system in the Hartree–Fock approximation as a function of separation distance between the layer of electrons and the background. We find that the energy of the system is influenced by the separation distance in such a way that the new energy contribution originating from such a separation behaves as an effective kinetic energy term. The increase of the overall energy with increase of the separation distance adversely affects the stability of electron liquid states at high density. The results are derived for a fully spin-polarized (spinless) system of electrons in the thermodynamic limit, but can easily be generalized to a spin unpolarized state.

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