The use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to suppress the effects of aflatoxicosis in broiler chicks.

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Poultry science


Three hundred and sixty day-old commercial broiler chicks were assigned to a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to examine the effects of three levels of Saccharomyces cerevisiae 0, .05, and .1% of feed, and two levels of aflatoxin, 0 and 5 ppm, singly and in combination on aflatoxicosis. Each treatment group was replicated three times. The S. cerevisiae and aflatoxin were incorporated in a standard commercial broiler ration and fed to chicks for 4 wk. Data were collected weekly on body weights, and at the end of the experiment on the relative weights of the liver, proventriculus, pancreas, and heart. Serum concentrations of the albumin, total protein, cholesterol, uric acid, triglycerides, and enzyme activities of alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactase dehydrogenase, and creatine phosphokinase were also evaluated. Results showed that chicks receiving aflatoxin-contaminated feed had suppressed body weight (456 g), which significantly improved (516 g) with the inclusion of .1% S. cerevisiae. The relative weights of liver (3.58%), heart (.916%), and proventriculus (.770%), which increased significantly with the addition of 5 ppm of aflatoxin, were restored to 3.00, .783, and .680%, respectively, with the dietary inclusion of .1% S. cerevisiae. The serum concentrations of albumin and total protein (.66 and 1.62 g/100 mL), which were significantly decreased by aflatoxin, were elevated to .88 and 2.24 g/100 mL, respectively, with the inclusion of .1% S. cerevisiae.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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