Isolation and characterization of 26- and 30-kDa rat liver proteins immunoreactive to anti-sterol carrier protein-2 antibodies

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Protein Expression and Purification


Although the existing literature suggests that the sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) gene has only two initiation sites encoding for a 58- and a 15-kDa protein, respectively, this does not explain the profusion of other putative SCP-2-related proteins detectable on Western blotting. Two of these additional anti-SCP-2 immunoreactive proteins, 13.2 and 46 kDa, appear due to proteolytic processing of the two gene transcripts. However, the origin of additional immunoreactive rat liver proteins near 26 and 30 kDa is unclear. The latter proteins were consistently detected on Western blotting by three independent types of polyclonal antisera: anti-13.2-kDa SCP-2, anti-synthetic peptide from the amino-terminus of the 13.2-kDa SCP-2, and Protein A affinity-purified anti-synthetic peptide to the aminoterminus of 13.2-kDa SCP-2. To resolve whether the 26- and 30-kDa proteins are SCP-2 gene products, each protein was isolated from rat liver and purified to homogeneity as indicated by Tricine-SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, and/or mass spectroscopy. Their masses, determined by MALDI-TOF mass spectroscopy, were 25.7 and 29.8 kDa, respectively. However, the mass spectral data were not consistent with either protein being an SCP-2 gene product. Peptide mass mapping of the 25.7-kDa protein revealed identity to the rat 25,784.79-Da glutathione-S-transferase. Furthermore, neither the mass nor the amino acid composition of the 29.8-kDa protein correlated with any SCP-2 gene product or dimerized SCP-2 gene product. A database search of the amino acid composition identified the protein as rat carbonic anhydrase. In summary, although the 26- and 29.8-kDa proteins may share some common epitopes with the 13.2-kDa SCP-2, they were not SCP-2 gene products.

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