Potential role of technology innovation in transformation of sustainable food systems: A review

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Agriculture (Switzerland)


Advanced technologies and innovation are essential for promoting sustainable food systems (SFSs) because these technologies can be used to answer some of the critical questions needed to transform SFSs and help us better understand global food security and nutrition. The main ob-jective of this study is to address the question of whether technological innovations have an impact on the transformation of SFSs. There are certain innovations including agricultural land utilization, food processing, production systems, improvement in diets according to people’s needs, and management of waste products. This study provides an overview of new technologies and innovations being used with potential to transform SFSs. Applications of emerging technologies in digital agri-culture, including the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence and machine learning, drones, use of new physical systems (e.g., advanced robotics, autonomous vehicles, advanced materials), and gene technology (e.g., biofortified crops, genome-wide selection, genome editing), are dis-cussed in this study. Additionally, we suggest eight action initiatives, which are transforming mind-sets, enabling social licensing, changing policies and regulations, designing market incentives, safe-guarding against undesirable effects, ensuring stable finance, building trust, and developing transition pathways that can hasten the transition to more SFSs. We conclude that appropriate incen-tives, regulations, and social permits play a critical role in enhancing the adoption of modern technologies to promote SFSs.



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