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These headdresses, also called ci wara, are carved to honor that original mythical being. Among the Bamana, oral traditions credit a mythical being named Ci Wara, a divine being a half-mortal and half animal, with the introduction of agriculture to the Bamana.

Culture and Traditions

Bamana is a member of the Mande culture, a large and powerful group of people in western Africa. Kaarta and Segou are Bamana city-states, which were established in the 17th century and continued to have political influence throughout the western Sudan states into the 19th century.

Donation Details

Michael Wasserman donated in the year 2003.


The Appraised Amount is $ 20,000.00.

Date of Digitization


Contributing Institution

J. B . Coleman Library


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