The foot soldiers were armed with spears, arrows, and leather or copper shields. In 1612 the Songhai cities fell to anarchy and the greatest empire in African history disappeared.
Culture and Traditions
Songhai-Zarma people have included the kings and warriors, the scribes, the artisans, the weavers, the hunters, the fishermen, the leather workers and hairdressers (Wanzam), and the domestic slaves (Horso, Bannye). Each caste reveres its own guardian spirit. The Kingdom of Songhai, or Songhay, developed from a community of fishermen who lived along the Niger River and were skilled canoeists. During the 9th century they became part of the state of Songhai and began trading with Muslim traders in Gao, which than became part of the kingdom.
Dr, Steven R. Levey donated in the year 2003.
Date of Digitization
J. B . Coleman Library
© 2021 Prairie View A & M University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Prairie View A&M University, "SONGHAY Culture of Arts from eastern Mali, western Niger, and northern Benin - (Dance Musk)" (2003). African Sculptures and Masks. 5.