These headdresses, also called ci wara, are carved to honor that original mythical being. Under Ci Wara's guidance, humans first learned to cultivate the land and became prosperous and able farmers. To honor Ci Wara's memory, the Bamana created a boli, a power object in which his spirit could reside, and carved headdresses such as these to represent him.
Ci wara headdresses combine antelope features with those of other animals that are significant within Bamana culture, such as the earth-digging aardvark or the armored pangolin.
Culture and Traditions
Bamana is a member of the Mande culture, a large and powerful group of people in western Africa. Kaarta and Segou are Bamana city-states, which were established in the 17th century and continued to have political influence throughout the western Sudan states into the 19th century.
Mr. Michael J. Wasserman donated in the year 2000.
Date of Digitization
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Prairie View A&M University, "BAMANA Culture Of Arts in Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Senegal - ( Chiwara Antelope Headdress)" (2022). African Sculptures and Masks. 35.